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NT-0524-听力-NT-0524 Listening lecture2 script

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发表于 2017-6-30 16:40:44 | 显示全部楼层
Listen to part of a lecture in an architecture class.
Professor: Okay, today we’re going to continue our discussion of early United States architecture. Last time, we discussed the characteristics of the federal style of architecture, which was a dominant school of design in the United States in the late 1700s. What were a few of the characteristics of the federal style? Allen?
Allen: Well, their exterior design was relatively simple and very symmetrical, like the front of the door would have the door in the middle and it would have the same number of windows on each side and a chimney at each end of the house, so the left side of the house and the right side of the house were mirror images of the other.
Professor: Okay, good!
Allen: But the interior design was more complex and asymmetrical. You know, you didn’t have just four square rooms, two on each side of the hallway like older houses had.
Professor: Okay good! Those are two of the primary defining characteristics of the federalist style. There are many other findings, of course but you can review those on your own.
Last time, I also mentioned in passing that the federal side incorporated many elements of ancient Roman architecture. And before we read the federal style, I’d like to take a few moments to consider the question: why? Why did architects in the newly formed United States in the 1700s have this fascination with an architectural style that took its fuse from ancient Rome? I’m afraid the “why” question doesn’t get the full attention it deserves and I’m as guilty for that oversight as other any architecture professor. Architecture is a course about design and is about schools of thought and all of that. But it’s also about culture and history and the context those history and culture it provides. These external factors are not just a backdrop for the design of the building. And they’re not just interesting historical footnotes. They are as much a part of the study of the design of the building as the design itself.
So, back to my question. Why ancient Rome? Well, in part the influence of ancient Rome in architecture was indirect, arriving by way of Great Britain, specifically, by way of a British architectural firm known as Adam Brothers. Adam Brothers was a prominent firm that designed many homes for the British upper class in the mid-1700s. And by the late 1700s their style had arrived in the United States, where it was especially popular with wealthy merchants.
Now, Adams Brother architects were themselves greatly influenced by ancient Roman architecture. So when architects in the United States built, so to speak, on the Adams Brother’s style, to create the federal style, they were also actually indirectly adopting many elements of ancient Roman architecture.
Okay, and there is another reason why this style resonated so deeply in the early United States. Jenifer?
Jenifer: This is really a shot in the dark, so don’t write this down or anything. But I mean the writers of the American constitution and a lot of the early presidents I know that they admired ancient Rome. Is it possible that admiration somehow led to an influence on the architecture of that time?
Professor: Actually, that is a big part of the answer. The early political leaders of the United States, the Founding Fathers, had a great respect for the politics and the culture of ancient Rome. And so, this new style of architecture being practiced by the Adam Brothers among others, immediately struck a cord with them, especially with Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson, you may recall, drafted the Declaration of Independence and later became the third president of the United States. Jefferson was himself an architect and the designs for many of his buildings, like the Capitol Building for the state of Virginia, were based directly on Roman architecture.

Jefferson also sponsored other architects like Benjamin Latrobe who worked on the design of the United States Capitol Building in Washington DC, which also incorporated elements of Roman architectural design.

What does the professor mainly discuss?   
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发表于 2017-8-9 09:31:39 | 显示全部楼层
待我长发及腰,我来下载资料可好。
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发表于 2017-8-9 09:46:00 | 显示全部楼层
楼主听话,资料快到碗里来!
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发表于 2017-8-15 17:26:58 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢楼主。吾等下载资料后一定好好学习天天向上
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发表于 2017-8-22 17:58:23 | 显示全部楼层
我来下载口语资料了
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发表于 2017-8-30 16:03:34 | 显示全部楼层
下载资料,方便快捷,反复使用,省时省力,无需技巧,新鲜美味,保质保鲜,利人利己,样样惊喜,再三为你,你所委托,我必承诺,拉阔空间,创新无限,专利申请,科学宣传,实行三包,送货上门,非君莫属,广告君实名认证
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发表于 2017-9-7 17:23:39 | 显示全部楼层
这篇帖子构思新颖,题材独具匠心,句句经典,是我辈应当学习之典范。就学习的角度而言,这篇帖子不算太成功,但它的实验意义却远远大于成功本身。正所谓:“一马奔腾,射雕引弓,天地都在我心中!”楼主真不愧为无厘界新一代的开山怪!最后说一句:资料已经全部下载了。
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发表于 2017-9-15 16:01:51 | 显示全部楼层
天是冷的,心是暖的, 对你的祝福是永远的; 人是远的,心是近的, 对你的关心是不变的; 笑是甜的,泪是苦的, 有你提供下载资料是幸福的!
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发表于 2019-4-25 14:27:18 | 显示全部楼层
感谢分享
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发表于 2020-7-14 04:06:25 | 显示全部楼层
我我我我我我我哦我
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