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Test 2OG 阅读答案和解析审by 张丹

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发表于 2017-6-30 21:22:01 | 显示全部楼层
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Answer Explanations

1.③This is a vocabulary question. The word being tested is illusory. It is highlighted in paragraph 1. The correct answer is choice 3, “misleading.” In other words, the idea that all East African herbivores have the same diet is false, or misleading.
2.②This is a Vocabulary question. The word being tested is sparsely. It is highlighted in paragraph 1. The correct answer is choice 2, “thinly.” In other words, highly nutritious fruits can be found only in small quantities and in few areas, so we say that they are thinly distributed.
3.④ This is a Negative Factual Information question asking for specific information that can be found in paragraph 1. The correct answer is choice 4. While the text states clearly that buffalo were not studied, it never states why they were not studied. The text provides the answer to the question in choice 1 by stating that Thomson’s gazelles eat a large amount of fruit. The text provides the answer to the question in choice 2 by stating that wildebeests prefer to eat leaves. The text provides the answer to the question in choice 3 by indicating that the study took place on the Serengeti Plain in East Africa.
4.④This is a Vocabulary question. The word being tested is associated. It is highlighted in paragraph 2. The correct answer is choice 4, “connected”. In other words, the differences between the species are related, or connected.
5.③This is a Rhetorical Purpose question. It is asking you why the author mentions the cow and the horse in Paragraph 2. The correct answer is choice 3. Cows and horses are animals that are familiar to most people, so they are a useful reference point for the reader to understand the types of animals that are ruminants and nonruminants. Choice1 is incorrect because the author is actually trying to show that the digestive systems of cows and horses are similar to those of some East African mammals. Choice 2 is incorrect because there is no comparison made between the body size of cows and horses and that of East African mammals is discussed in paragraph 3. Choice 4 is incorrect because the diets of cows and horses are not discussed at all in the passage. Therefore a comparison to the diets of East African mammals cannot be emphasized or even made.
6.③This is a Factual Information question asking for specific information that can be found in paragraph 2. The correct answer is choice 3. The paragraph describes in detail the large amount of low-quality stems that zebras eat. The gazelle, wildebeest, and topi given in choice 1, 2,and 4, respectively, are all ruminants. The paragraph states specifically that ruminants are able to derive a large amount of energy from a given quantity of food, unlike nonruminants such as zebras.
7.②This is an Inference question asking for an inference that can be supported by paragraph 2. The correct answer is choice 2, “the difference in stomach structure.” Paragraph 2 is devoted to discussing the differences in feeding preferences that result from the different digestive system, and therefore different stomach structures, of ruminants and nonruminants. The factors given in choice 1, 3, and 4 are all mentioned in paragraph 2, but they are more indirectly and occasionally related to feeding preference, whereas the differences in stomach structures are shown in the paragraph to always be the primary factor in feeding preference.
8.①This is a Negative Factual Information question asking for specific information that can be found in paragraph 2. The correct answer is choice 1. The paragraph states that gazelles are ruminants and that it “takes time” for ruminants to digest their food. Therefore it is incorrect to say that gazelle digest their food quickly. The information given in choice 2, 3, and 4 is stated in the paragraph as facts about ruminants.
9.①This is a Vocabulary question. The phrase being tested is provided that. It is highlighted in the passage. The correct answer is choice 1, “as long as.” In other words, small animals can live with less food as long as, or if, that food has enough energy.
10.④This is a Vocabulary question. The word being tested is fastidious. It is highlighted in the passage. The correct answer is choice 4, “demanding.” In other words, zebras are not very demanding or particular feeders.
11.②This is a Factual Information question asking for specific information that can be found in paragraph 4. The correct answer is choice 2, “Zebra.” The paragraph states that zebras arrive first at a given habitat and “the later species all depend on the preparations of” the zebra. According to sentence 4 and 5, the topi, wildebeest, and gazelle given in choices 1, 3, and4, respectively, all arrive at a given habitat after the zebra and therefore benefit from the results of the zebra’s actions on the vegetation of the habitat.
12.③ This is a Factual Information question asking for specific information that can be found in the passage. The correct answer is choice 3. Paragraph 2 states that zebras wear down the vegetation in a given habit, and then ruminants, such as wildebeests, arrive to feed on the remaining, lower, leafier vegetation. Paragraph 1 supports this idea by stating that wildebeests prefer to eat lower leaves. Choice 1 is contradicted in several places:paragraph 1 and 2 each state that zebras eat stems, and wildebeests eat leaves. Choice 2 is contradicted in paragraph 2, which states that large food particles simply cannot pass through the digestive system of ruminants such as wildebeests. Choice 4 is contradicted in paragraph 2, which states that ruminants such as wildebeests do not have to resort to eating low-quality food because they can derive energy from the same quantity of food for a long time.
13.④ This is an Insert Text question. You can see the four black squares in paragraph 4 that represent the possible answer choices here.
The differences in feeding preferences lead, in turn, to differences in migratory habits. █ The wildebeests follow, in their migration, the pattern of local rainfall. █ The other species do likewise. █ But when a new area is fueled by rain, the mammals migrate toward it in a set order to exploit it. █ The larger, less fastidious feeders, the zebras, in first; the choosier, smaller wildebeests come later; and the smallest species of all, Thomson’s gazelle, arrives last. The later species all depend on the preparations of the earlier one, for the actions of then zebra alter the vegetation to suit the demands of the wildebeest, topi, and gazelle.
The sentence provided, “The sequence in which they migrate correlates with their body size,” is best inserted at square 4.
Square 4 is correct because the phrase “The sequence” refers to the set order in which mammals migrate, which is mentioned in the sentence preceding square 4. Furthermore, the phrase “correlates with their body size” prepares the reader for the discussion of the larger, smaller, and smallest animals mentioned in the sentence following square 4.
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发表于 2017-8-9 09:44:04 | 显示全部楼层
如果你智商能再高点,也许我会上当,但是资料下载我一定会上当。
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发表于 2017-8-9 09:50:22 | 显示全部楼层
神马都是浮云,资料才是真爱。
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发表于 2017-8-15 17:23:04 | 显示全部楼层
多谢楼主收集了这么多好用的学习资料,必须下载
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发表于 2017-8-15 17:26:54 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢楼主分享资料,免费下载太爽了
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发表于 2017-8-15 17:39:14 | 显示全部楼层
急需要上述资料非常感谢!已经下载
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发表于 2017-8-22 18:10:17 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢楼主,资料帮助很大,推荐下载
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发表于 2017-8-30 16:02:17 | 显示全部楼层
已经下载,抱走资料,留下一颗糖
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发表于 2017-9-7 17:24:44 | 显示全部楼层
今观一贴,此贴夏日观之则清凉,冬日观之则温暖,楼主一支出神入化如椽巨笔,已然达到五千年来的颠峰,若以洋人诺贝尔文学奖的低级标准要求本贴,将是对本贴的无耻侮辱,本帖已无法用言语来形容,好了不说了赶紧下载资料。
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发表于 2017-9-15 16:04:13 | 显示全部楼层
过了这个村,就没这个店,小伙伴们,不用犹豫,让我们携手下载,为了把如此绝好资料最终顶上去而努力奋斗!
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