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发表于 2017-7-6 15:25:57 | 显示全部楼层
GMAT 官方写作题库范文赏析
18. The following is an excerpt from a memo written by the head of a governmental department.

“Neither stronger ethics regulations nor stronger enforcement mechanisms are necessary to ensure ethical behavior by companies doing business with this department. We already have a code of ethics that companies doing business with this department are urged to abide by, and virtually all of these companies have agreed to follow it. We also know that the code is relevant to the current business environment because it was approved within the last year, and in direct response to specific violations committed by companies with which we were then working—not in abstract anticipation of potential violations, as so many such codes are.”

范文
The head of a government department concludes in this passage that the department need not strengthen its ethics regulations or mechanisms of enforcing ethical conduct, nor does the department need to encourage ethical behavior in companies with which it does business. The first reason gfor this stance is that businesses have already agreed to abide by the department’s existing code of ethics. The second reason is that the current code is relevant to the current environment of business and communication. The suggested argument is not valid for several reasons.

The only support for the assertion that stronger enforcement is unnecessary comes from the risky assumption that companies will monitor themselves, keep their promises and follow the existing code without outside monitoring. Since the department head refers to violations by these same businesses in the recent past, his faith in their self-regulating promise is obviously not based on previous experiences. Additionally, it is widely understood that rules necessitate methods of enforcement and also penalties for violations.

By asserting that a stronger code is unnecessary, the department head demonstrates that the existing ethical code is relevant and effective. The passage states that the existing code was approved in response to violations which occurred over the past year. The department head must assume that those violations are representative of all of the many ethics problems that are related to the department and related companies. This is highly unlikely, and thinking so produces a short-sighted idea of what is relevant.

This narrow definition of the relevance of ethics shows its weakness. The strength of a code of ethics rests in its ability to discern the general kinds of behavior considered unethical and to cover not specific instances of previous violations, but those which will occur in years to come. Yet the author rejects a comprehensive code, preferring the present code because it is “relevant” and “not in abstract anticipation of potential violations.”

In conclusion, this argument is vague, poorly reasoned and potentially biased. The department head has not carefully considered the connection between rules and their enforcement.  The department head also does not consider the definition of “relevant” in relation to ethics codes, or how comprehensiveness and consistency strengthen a code. In the final portion of the passage, he espouses a backwards view that a history of violations determine ethical guidelines, rather than the other way around.

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发表于 2017-8-8 19:08:19 | 显示全部楼层
穿别人的鞋,走自己的路,下自己的资料,让别人哭去吧。
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发表于 2017-8-9 09:29:10 | 显示全部楼层
神马都是浮云,资料才是真爱。
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发表于 2017-8-9 09:37:17 | 显示全部楼层
楼主听话,资料快到碗里来!
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发表于 2017-8-15 17:23:27 | 显示全部楼层
多谢楼主收集了这么多好用的学习资料,必须下载
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发表于 2017-8-22 18:04:35 | 显示全部楼层
资料很丰富,果断下载。
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发表于 2017-8-30 16:03:29 | 显示全部楼层
楼主的帖子实在是写得太好了。文笔流畅,修辞得体,深得魏晋诸朝遗风,更将唐风宋骨发扬得入木三分,能在考试前下载学习这份资料,不愁过不了啊哈哈哈哈~~~~
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发表于 2017-9-7 17:25:15 | 显示全部楼层
我要把你这篇帖子牢牢的记在心里,刻在脑海里;我要去学活字印刷,把这篇帖子印成铅字;我要去学雕刻,把这篇帖子雕成雕像;我要去学作诗,把这篇帖子改为不朽的诗篇;我要去学作词,把这篇帖子改为歌词;我要去学歌唱,把这篇帖子广为流唱;我要去学说梦话,在梦里也要深情的朗诵;现在我要把资料下载下来。
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发表于 2017-9-15 15:51:37 | 显示全部楼层
晴天霹雳、醍醐灌顶或许不足以形容大师文章的万一;巫山行云、长江流水更难以比拟大师的文才!大师的下载资料吾等凡人求知若渴!
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