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[相关读物] 经济学人杂志 选文精读

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发表于 2018-3-30 15:40:46 | 显示全部楼层
  3.27 Autonomous vehicles
  -----A driverless tragedy
  首例无人驾驶车酿造的车祸
  The first pedestrian has been killed by a self-driving car
  根据经济学人报道:
  伊莱恩赫兹波于3.18日傍晚被无人驾驶车辆撞击至身亡。
  这是世界上首例无人驾驶车辆造成的交通事故
  引发了各方的关注
  美国的注意力主要集中于两个方面:
  1是相关法律和车辆上路资质的要求
  2 支持无人车辆的继续研发,需要更多的路上测试,以及无人车辆的未来和最终的目标
  阅读片段:
  1 The accident has raised questions about whether America’s rules surrounding the testing of autonomous vehicles (AVs) are too lax.
  2 video from the vehicle shows Ms Herzberg, who was wheeling a bicycle by the side of the road, stepping suddenly into the car’s path.
  3 Proponents of AVs often cite the safety benefits of vehicles that can drive themselves, noting that 94% of accidents are caused by human error. General Motors, America’s biggest carmaker, has set a goal of “zero crashes”. But developing the technology means testing it on public roads, where accidents involving AVs and other road users are inevitable. AVs will never eliminate road deaths, and expecting them to do so is to hold them to an impossible standard. A more realistic goal, suggests Amnon Shashua of Mobileye, a maker of AV technology, is to reduce the number of road deaths a thousandfold. But in a paper published last year, he warned of the danger of a “winter of autonomous driving”, suggesting that because of regulatory uncertainty, fatal accidents involving fully autonomous vehicles could plunge the industry into legal limbo, or kill it altogether.
  生词:
  1 无人车
  这是一个新名词,目前没有更加专业的词汇来表述,英语中通行的表达方式有三个:
  I driveless car
  II self-driving car
  III autonomous vechicle
  auto-表示自动的前缀
  段落理解
  1 The accident has raised questions about whether America’s rules surrounding the testing of autonomous vehicles (AVs) are too lax.
  lax:松散的,不严格的
  反义词:strict
  句子结构:accident has raised questions
  意思:这场车祸引起了一些问题:美国有关无人车测试的法律是否太松了
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