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[托福阅读资料] 老托福阅读100篇翻译+原文

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发表于 2018-11-8 20:56:39 | 显示全部楼层
一些同学在复习托福阅读时会觉得仅仅TPO中的34套内容是远远不够的,托福阅读是大家得分的大项,因此要想在托福考试中取得一个不错的成绩还是需要大量的练习,这里特给出一份老托福阅读100篇翻译+原文+答案资料,新老托福在阅读方面的考察基本没什么大的差异,同学们一定要注意老托福资料的结合使用。

  Evaporated from the oceans, water vapor forms clouds, some of which are transported by wind over the continents. Condensation from the clouds provides the essential agent of continental erosion: rain. Precipitated onto the ground, the water trickles down to form brooks, streams, and rivers, constituting what are called the hydrographic network. This immense polarized network channels the water toward a single receptacle: an ocean. Gravity dominates this entire step in the cycle because water tends to minimize its potential energy by running from high altitudes toward the reference point, that is, sea level.

  The rate at which a molecule of water passes though the cycle is not random but is a measure of the relative size of the various reservoirs. If we define residence time as the average time for a water molecule to pass through one of the three reservoirs — atmosphere, continent, and ocean — we see that the times are very different. A water molecule stays, on average, eleven days in the atmosphere, one hundred years on a continent and forty thousand years in the ocean. This last figure shows the importance of the ocean as the principal reservoir of the hydrosphere but also the rapidity of water transport on the continents.

  A vast chemical separation process takes places during the flow of water over the continents. Soluble ions such as calcium, sodium, potassium, and some magnesium are dissolved and transported. Insoluble ions such as aluminum, iron, and silicon stay where they are and form the thin, fertile skin of soil on which vegetation can grow. Sometimes soils are destroyed and transported mechanically during flooding. The erosion of the continents thus results from two closely linked and interdependent processes, chemical erosion and mechanical erosion. Their respective interactions and efficiency depend on different factors.

  1. The word "modifying" in line 4 is closest in meaning to

  (A) changing

  (B) traveling

  (C) describing

  (D) destroying

  2. The word "which" in line 5 refers to

  (A) clouds

  (B) oceans

  (C) continents

  (D) compounds

  3. According to the passage , clouds are primarily formed by water

  (A) precipitating onto the ground

  (B) changing from a solid to a liquid state

  (C) evaporating from the oceans

  (D) being carried by wind


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发表于 2018-11-10 17:08:02 | 显示全部楼层
超大爸爸V型风格年收入模具 让他
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发表于 2019-1-11 21:42:52 | 显示全部楼层
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发表于 2019-1-12 00:09:17 | 显示全部楼层
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发表于 2019-1-13 18:50:05 | 显示全部楼层
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发表于 2019-1-17 16:06:17 | 显示全部楼层
感谢1感谢1感谢1感谢1感谢1
感谢1感谢1
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发表于 2019-1-17 16:10:32 | 显示全部楼层
没有翻译啊 里面
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发表于 2019-1-22 08:49:04 来自手机 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢楼主分享~好人一生平安~
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发表于 2019-3-25 20:43:50 来自手机 | 显示全部楼层
资料真好
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发表于 2019-3-29 10:55:04 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢谢谢谢谢小
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